Essay on Subhas Chandra Bose
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Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 1 (100 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd of January in 1897 and died on 18th of August in 1945. He was just 48 years old when he died. He was a great leader and Indian nationalist who fought courageously during World War II for the freedom of India from British rule. He was the leader of radical, younger and wing of Indian National Congress during 1920s and 1930s. He became Congress President in 1938 however got expelled in 1939. He was a revolutionary freedom fighter of India who struggled a lot and motivated mass people to involve in freedom struggle.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 2 (150 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great freedom fighter and national patriot. He was born in the Cuttack in 1897 on 23rd of January in the rich Hindu Kayastha family. He was son Janakinath Bose (father) and Prabhabati Devi (mother). He was 9th sibling among fourteen children of his parents. He completed his initial schooling from Cuttack however matriculation degree from Calcutta and B.A. degree from University of Calcutta (in 1918).
He went to England in 1919 in order to pursue higher studies. He was highly influenced by the Chittaranjan Das (a Bengali political leader) and soon joined freedom struggle of India. He started expressing his views in front of the people through a newspaper called Swaraj. He opposed the British rule and got interested in the Indian politics. Because of his active participation, he was elected as All India Youth Congress President and Bengal State Congress Secretary. He faced lots of hardness in his life however never became hopeless.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 3 (200 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great and very brave leader of the country who became famous as a Netaji because of his hard works. He was born on 23rd of January in 1897 in a Hindu family in the Cuttack. He was very brave and brilliant from his childhood and physically strong too. He always believed in the violence and even, once he had beaten his European school professor. Later he was expelled from school as a punishment. He passed his B.A. degree successfully from University of Calcutta with first division in 1918. Later he went to England for Tripose degree at Cambridge University. He always wanted to serve his country as a high official.
In order to serve his country for freedom from British rule, he joined Congress movement. Later he was selected as President of Congress in 1939 and then expelled because of his differences with Congress policy. He escaped from India during Second World War and asked Germany for help where he was given military training for two years by the Hitler. He raised there his own Indian National Army by training Indian residents and prisoners of war from Germany, Italy and Japan. He became successful in making a true Indian National Army (means Azad Hind Fauj) with good morale and discipline.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 4 (250 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a most famous legendary figure and brave freedom fighter in the Indian history. His great contributions of freedom struggle are unforgettable in the history of India. He was a real brave hero of the India who had left his home and comfort forever for his motherland. He always believed in violence and chose way of an armed rebellion to get independence from British rule.
He was born in Cuttack, Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897 in the rich Hindu family. His father was Janaki Nath Bose who was a successful barrister and mother was Prabhabati Devi. One he was expelled from the Presidency College Calcutta because of being involved on the attack of British Principal. He brilliantly qualified I.C.S Examination but gave up and joined Non-Co-operation Movement in 1921 to fight for freedom of India.
He worked with the Chittaranjan Das, (a political leader of Bengal) and an educator and journalist in the Bengal weekly called Banglar Katha. Later he became Bengal Congress volunteer’s commandant, Principal of National College, Mayor of Calcutta and then appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Corporation. He went to jail several times for his nationalistic activities however he never gets tired and hopeless. He was elected as President of Congress but once he was opposed by Gandhiji because of some political differences with Gandhiji. He moved to East Asia where he prepared his own “Azad Hind Fauj” (means the Indian National Army) to make India an independent country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 5 (300 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose is famous all over the India as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He was a famous revolutionary figure of the India who had contributed a lot in the freedom of India. He took birth in a rich Hindu family of Cuttack in Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897. His father name was Janakinath Bose, a Government lawyer in the Cuttack District Court and mother was Prabhabati Devi. He got his early education from Anglo-Indian School in Cuttack and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta.
He was a very brave and ambitious Indian young man who successfully passed I.C.S. Examination instead he joined Non-co-operation Movement after getting influenced by Desabandhu Chittaranjan Das for his motherland’s freedom. He continuously fought following violence movement against the British rule for independence of us.
He left Congress even after being a president of Congress in 1939 because of some political differences with the Mahatma Gandhi. One day he made his own Indian National powerful party called Azad Hind Fauj as he believed that non-violence policy of Gandhiji was not capable enough to make India an independent country. He finally prepared a big and powerful Azad Hind Fauj to fight with the British rule.
He went to Germany and founded Indian National Army with the help of some Indian Prisoners of war and Indian residents there. After lots of disappointment by the Hitler he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan of “Delhi Chalo” (means March to Delhi) to his Indian National Army where a violent fight took place between Azad Hind Fauj and Anglo-American Forces. Unfortunately, they forced to be surrendered including Netaji. Soon, Netaji left for Tokyo in the plane however plane got crash at Inland of Formosa. It was reported that Netaji killed in that plane accident. The adventurous works of Netaji is still inspires millions of Indian youths to do something for country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 6 (400 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a great patriot and brave freedom fighter of the India. He was a symbol to the nationalism and vibrant patriotism. Every children of India knows about him and his inspiring works for the freedom of India. He was born to the Indian Hindu family in Cuttack, Orissa on January 23rd in 1897. His early schooling was completed to his hometown however he did his matriculation from Presidency College, Kolkata and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta. Later he went to England and passed the Indian Civil Service Examination with 4th position.
He was very disappointed with the miserable conditions of the other countrymen because of the bad and cruel behaviour by the Britishers. He decided to join the nationalist movement instead civil service to help people of India through freedom of India. He was influenced a lot with patriot Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and later elected as Mayor of Kolkata and then President of Indian National Congress. Later he left the party because of the opinion difference with Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. After leaving the congress party, he found his own Forward Bloc party.
He believed that non-violence movement is not enough to get freedom from the British rule so he chose violence movement to bring freedom in the country. He went away from India to Germany and then Japan where he made his own Indian National Army, also known as Azad Hind Fauj. He had included Indian prisoners of war and Indian residents of those countries in his Azad hind Fauj to fight bravely from the British rule. He gave slogan to his army named Delhi Chalo and Jai Hind. He had inspired his army men through his great words of “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” to make his motherland free from the rule of Britishers.
It is considered that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was died in a plane crash in 1945. The bad news of his death had ended all the hopes of his Indian National Army to fight from British rule. Even after his death, he is still alive with his vibrant nationalism in the heart of Indian people as an everlasting inspiration. According to the scholarly opinion, he died because of the third-degree burn due to the overloaded Japanese plane crash. The great works and contributions of the Netaji have been marked in the Indian history as an unforgettable event.
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Subhas Chandra Bose's political views were in support of complete freedom for India at the earliest, whereas most of the Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status. Even though Bose and Mohandas K. Gandhi had differing ideologies, the latter called Bose the "Prince among the Patriots" in 1942. Bose admired Gandhi, recognising his importance as a symbol of Indian nationalism; he called him "The Father of Our Nation" in a radio broadcast from Rangoon in 1944, in which he stated, "I am convinced that if we do desire freedom we must be prepared to wade through blood", a statement somewhat at odds with Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence. Thus, although they shared the goal of an independent India, by 1939 the two had become divided over the strategy to achieve Indian Independence, and to some degree the form which the post-Independence state should take: Gandhi was hostile to industrialisation, while Bose saw it as the only route to making India strong and self-sufficient (in this he may have been influenced, like many other Indian intellectuals of the time, by reports of the success of the Sovietfive-year plans). Jawaharlal Nehru disagreed with Gandhi on this point as well, though not over the tactics of protest.
Bose was accused of collaborating with the Axis, after he fled to Germany in 1941 and offered Hitler an alliance. He criticized the British during World War II, saying that while Britain was fighting for the freedom of the European nations under Nazi control, it would not grant independence to its own colonies, including India. It may be observed that along with Nehru, Bose had organized and led protest marches against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931, and of China itself in 1938, when he was Congress president. In 1937 he published an article attacking Japanese imperialism in the Far East, although he betrayed some admiration for other aspects of the Japanese regime.
Bose's earlier correspondence (prior to 1939) also reflects his deep disapproval of the racist practices of and annulment of democratic institutions in Nazi Germany. He also, however, expressed admiration for the authoritarian methods (though not the racial ideologies) which he saw in Italy and Germany during the 1930s, and thought they could be used in building an independent India. Nevertheless, Bose's tenure as Congress Party President (1938–39) did not reflect any particular anti-democratic or authoritarian attributes. Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Anton Pelinka and Leonard Gordon have remarked that Bose's skills were best illustrated at the negotiating table, rather than on the battlefield.
At the Tripura Congress session of 1939, he demanded giving the British Government a six-month deadline for granting independence and of launching a mass civil disobedience movement if it failed to do so. He believed that "... the country was internally more ripe for a revolution than ever before and that the coming international crisis would give India an opportunity for achieving her emancipation, which is rare in human history."
Bose's judgment in allying with the Japanese has been questioned, as many argue  that he would have been unable to ensure an independent India had he ridden to power on Japanese bayonets, and was in danger of becoming a puppet ruler similar to the fate that befell Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor of Manchuria. In 1943 Rash Behari Bose had urged this on him during his last visit to Subhas Bose in Singapore, pointing out that the Japanese had claimed right of conquest in Manchuria and would do so in India, while Quit India had shown that this would not be accepted by the Indian Nation.
Nevertheless, given the Indian National Army's (INA) overwhelming dependence on Japanese military support, he would have been in a weak position. Bose also seems to have ignored the appalling treatment meted out by the Japanese to the Asian inhabitants of the lands they conquered as part of the Greater East Asian Co-prosperity sphere, which included the forcible recruitment of labour from the overseas Indian population to build projects such as the Burma Railway, and massacres of Malayan Chinese in Singapore where he spent most of the war.
Bose has been branded as a fascist in some quarters.[who?] Others believe that Bose had clearly expressed his belief that democracy was the best option for India.[dubious– discuss]
Had either of the alliances he forged during the war resulted in Indian independence in the manner he envisaged, it would have been at the cost of an Allied defeat in the Second World War, a price that some Indians would argue is too high: Gandhi himself, in the immediate aftermath of the war, said that Bose had been "foolish in imagining, that by allying himself with the Japanese and the Germans, who were not only aggressive Powers, but also dangerous Powers, he could get Indian freedom". The alternative of non-violent protest within India espoused by Gandhi and the rest of Congress ultimately led to British withdrawal, albeit at the expense of the partition of the country along communal lines. Even before 1939, Congress had secured political concessions from the British in the form of elected provincial assemblies, and an agreement that the British taxpayer would foot the bill for Indian re-armament. Although it was rejected by Congress at the time, the 1942 Cripps mission's offer of full independence after the war could be considered the point at which the British departure became inevitable. Britain's weakness after the war, and domestic political pressure on the Labour Government also made British withdrawal more likely. Publicly at least, Bose never believed that this would happen unless they were driven out by force: as late as 1944, three years prior to independence, he announced that "I am honestly convinced that the British Government will never recognise India's demand for independence."
Nirad Chaudhuri considered it a backhanded tribute to Bose that the Congress tricolour and the Muslim League green flag flew together for the last time during the mutiny of the Indian navy in Bombay unleashed in 1946 partly at anger within the Navy at the trial of INA officers by the British.
Judith Brown argues that the Mutiny of the Indian Navy was a minor factor in the British decision to leave compared to domestic political pressure, American hostility to any continuation of the Raj, and the breakdown of almost all networks of support and collaboration brought about by thirty years of Congress agitation. By 1946 over 50% of the members of the Indian Civil Service were Indians, and even Churchill recognised that the offer of independence made by the Cripps Mission in 1942 could not now be withdrawn. In this interpretation concerns over the loyalty of the military were only one factor among many amid the general breakdown in authority: nor, it could be argued, did all this necessarily stem from the activities of Bose and the INA. The prospect of communalism infecting the armed forces worried the British just as much.
Bose was considered a patriot even by some of his rivals in the Congress. Gandhi himself wrote that Bose's "... patriotism is second to none", and he was moved to proclaim after Bose's death that he was a "prince among patriots"—a reference, in particular, to Bose's achievement in integrating women and men from all the regions and religions of India in the Indian National Army. Bose wanted freedom for India at the earliest opportunity, and to some extent, he didn't care who he had to approach for assistance.
- ^"Subhas Chandra Bose". Sify. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- ^"Father of Our Nation" (Address to Mahatma Gandhi over the Rangoon Radio on 6 July 1944) The Essential Writings of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Edited by Sisir K Bose & Sugata Bose (Delhi: Oxford University Press) 1997 pp. 301–302
- ^"Japan's Role in the Far East" (originally published in the Modern Review in October 1937): "Japan has done great things for herself and for Asia. Her reawakening at the dawn of the present century sent a thrill throughout our Continent. Japan has shattered the white man's prestige in the Far East and has put all the Western imperialist powers on the defensive—not only in the military but also in the economic sphere. She is extremely sensitive—and rightly so—about her self-respect as an Asiatic race. She is determined to drive out the Western powers from the Far East. But could not all this have been achieved without Imperialism, without dismembering the Chinese Republic, without humiliating another proud, cultured and ancient race? No, with all our admiration for Japan, where such admiration is due, our whole heart goes out to China in her hour of trial" The Essential Writings of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Edited by Sisir K. Bose & Sugata Bose (Delhi: Oxford University Press) 1997 p. 190
- ^Bose to Dr. Thierfelder of the Deutsche Academie, Kurhaus Hochland, Badgastein, 25 March 1936 "Today I regret that I have to return to India with the conviction that the new nationalism of Germany is not only narrow and selfish but arrogant. The recent speech of Herr Hitler in Munich gives the essence of Nazi philosophy.... The new racial philosophy which has a very weak scientific foundation stands for the glorification of the white races in general and the German race in particular. Herr Hitler has talked of the destiny of white races to rule over the rest of the world. But the historical fact is that up till now the Asiatics have dominated Europe more than have the Europeans dominated Asia. One only has to consider the repeated invasions of Europe by Mongols, the Turks, the Arabs (Moors), the Huns, and other Asiatic races to understand the strength of my argument...." The Essential Writings of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Edited by Sisir K. Bose & Sugata Bose (Delhi: Oxford University Press) 1997 p. 155
- ^ abSatadru Sen (23 September 2000). "Subhas Chandra Bose 1897-1945". andaman.org. Archived from the original on 5 March 2005.
- ^"The Congress Resigns". indhistory.com. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- ^Sen, Satadru. "Subhash Chandra Bose 1897-1945". Web Archives. Archived from the original on 5 March 2005. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- ^C. A. Bayly; T. Harper (2004). Forgotten Armies. The Fall of British Asia 1941–5. London. p. 327. ; A. M. Nair (1985). An Indian Freedom Fighter in Japan. New Delhi. p. 230.
- ^Nicholas Tarling, ed. (1999). From World War II to the Present. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. II. Cambridge. p. 8.
- ^Roy, R. C. (2004). Social, Economic and Political Philosophy of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose(PDF). Orissa Review. pp. 7–8. Archived from the original(PDF) on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- ^Nirad C. Chaudhuri (December 1953). "Subhas Chandra Bose-His Legacy and Legend". Pacific Affairs. 26 (4): 351.
- ^Keith Jeffery (1999). "The Second World War". The Twentieth Century. The Oxford History of the British Empire. IV. Oxford University Press. p. 312.
- ^Judith Brown (1994). Modern India. The Origins of an Asian Democracy (2nd ed.). Oxford. pp. 293–316, 328.
- ^"Father of Our Nation" (Address to Mahatma Gandhi over the Rangoon Radio on 6 July 1944) The Essential Writings of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Edited by Sisir K Bose & Sugata Bose (Delhi: Oxford University Press) 1997 p. 301
- ^Nirad C. Chaudhuri (December 1953). "Subhas Chandra Bose-His Legacy and Legend". Pacific Affairs. 26 (4): 349–350.
- ^Judith Brown (1994). Modern India. The origins of an Asian Democracy. Oxford University Press. pp. 325–330. Quoted from page 326.
- ^Brown Modern India p. 325
- ^Gandhi, Mohandas K. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Ahmedabad: The Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, Navajivan Trust, 1972–78), Volume LXXXIII, p. 135
- ^"Bose, Sugata - Maximum Leader". India Today. Retrieved 25 November 2014.