L Ron Hubbard Bibliography Sample

Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (13 March1911 – 24 January1986) was an American science fiction author. He developed Dianetics and founded Scientology. He was the father of Ron DeWolfe.

Quotes[edit]

  • Living is a pretty grim joke, but a joke just the same. The entire function of man is to survive. The outermost limit of endeavour is creative work. Anything less is too close to simple survival until death happens along. So I am engaged in striving to maintain equilibrium sufficient to at least realize survival in a way to astound the gods. I turned the thing up so it's up to me to survive in a big way . . . Foolishly perhaps, but determined none the less, I have high hopes of smashing my name into history so violently that it will take a legendary form even if all books are destroyed.
  • God was feeling sardonic the day He created the Universe. So it's rather up to at least one man every few centuries to pop up and come just as close to making him swallow his laughter as possible.
    • A letter to his wife Polly (October 1938), quoted in Bare-faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987), p. 81.
  • You don't get rich writing science fiction. If you want to get rich, you start a religion.
    • Response to a question from the audience during a meeting of the Eastern Science Fiction Association on (7 November 1948), as quoted in a 1994 affidavit by Sam Moskowitz.
    • This statement is similar or identical to several statements Hubbard is reported to have made to various individuals or groups in the 1940s. Variants include:
      • The incident is stamped indelibly in my mind because of one statement that Ron Hubbard made. What led him to say what he did I can't recall — but in so many words Hubbard said: "I'd like to start a religion. That's where the money is!"
      • Y'know, we're all wasting our time writing this hack science fiction! You wanta make real money, you gotta start a religion!
        • As reported to Mike Jittlov by Theodore Sturgeon as a statement Hubbard made while at the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society clubhouse in the 1940s.
      • Writing for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wanted to make a million dollars, the best way to do it would be start his own religion.
        • As quoted in the Los Angeles Times (27 August 1978)
      • Writing for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wants to make a million dollars, the best way would be to start his own religion.
        • As quoted in the article "Scientology: Anatomy of a Frightening Cult" by Eugene H. Methvin. Reader's Digest (May 1980).
      • I always knew he was exceedingly anxious to hit big money — he used to say he thought the best way to do it would be to start a cult.
        • Sam Merwin, Editor of Thrilling Science Fiction magazine Winter of 1946-47; quoted in Bare-Faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987) by Russell Miller
      • Whenever he was talking about being hard up he often used to say that he thought the easiest way to make money would be to start a religion.
        • Neison Himmel, briefly a roommate of Hubbard in Pasadena during the fall of 1945, in a 1986 interview, quoted in Bare-Faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987) by Russell Miller.
  • Benzedrine often helps a case run.
    • "The Intensive Processing Procedure" (1950); "Run a case" = administer Dianetics or Scientology procedures to someone.
  • Scientology is the only specific (cure) for radiation (atomic bomb) burns.
  • It was my responsibility that this world got itself an atom bomb, because there were only a handful of nuclear physicists in the thirties — only a handful. And we were all beating the desk and saying "How wonderful it will be if we discover atomic fission."
  • You are only three or four hours from taking your glasses off for keeps.
    • "Eyesight and glasses" in Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin Vol. 2, No. 7, (January 1952).
  • THE ONLY WAY YOU CAN CONTROL PEOPLE IS TO LIE TO THEM. You can write that down in your book in great big letters. The only way you can control anybody is to lie to them.
    • Lecture: "Off the Time Track" (June 1952) as quoted in Journal of Scientology issue 18-G, reprinted in Technical Volumes of Dianetics & Scientology Vol. 1, p. 418.
  • Rate of change is this mathematics known as Calculus. … Now I hope you understand this, because I've never been able to make head nor tail of it. It must be some sort of a Black Magic operation, started out by the Luce cult — some immoral people who are operating up in New York City, Rockefeller Plaza — been thoroughly condemned by the whole society. Anyway, their rate-of-change theory — I've never seen any use for that mathematics, by the way — I love that mathematics, because it — I asked an engineer, one time, who was in his 6th year of engineering, if he'd ever used Calculus, and he told me yeah, once, once I did, he said. When did you use it? And he said I used it once. Let me see, what did you use it on? Oh yeah. Something on the rate-of-change of steam particles in boilers. And then we went out and tested it and found the answer was wrong.
  • This is useful knowledge. With it the blind again see, the lame walk, the ill recover, the insane become sane and the sane become saner. By its use the thousand abilities Man has sought to recover become his once more.
    • On Scientology in Scientology: A History Of Man (1952).
  • Of all the ills of man which can be successfully processed by Scientology, arthritis ranks near the top. In skilled hands, this ailment, though misunderstood and dreaded in the past, already has begun to become history. Twenty-five hours of Scientology by an auditor who fairly understands how to process arthritis can be said to produce an invariable alleviation of the condition. Some cases, even severe ones, have responded in as little as two hours of processing, according to reports from auditors in the field.
    • Journal of Scientology Issue 1-G, (1952).
  • Here on Earth there was undoubtedly a Christ. One of the reasons he swept in so suddenly and he would go forward so hard is, he had a good assist in back of him in terms of an implant.
    • Philadelphia Doctorate Courses, lecture 24 (1952).
  • Leukemia is evidently psychosomatic in origin and at least eight cases of leukemia had been treated successfully by Dianetics after medicine had traditionally given up. The source of leukemia has been reported to be an engram containing the phrase 'It turns my blood to water.'
    • Journal of Scientology Issue 15-G (1953).
  • there is no war not based on lies,
    there is no infamy alive without
    its kindred kin, deceit.
    • "There Is No Compromise With Truth" ( a poem written in 1953 or 1954).
  • You are a spirit, then,
    you Man, and not a Man
    at all.
    You are a spirit and you dwell
    within the guts of mortal beast.
    • "There Is No Compromise With Truth" ( a poem written in 1953 or 1954).
  • You are a spirit, then
    a god,
    full capable
    of making space
    and energy and time
    and all things well.
    And there you crouch, forgotten
    to yourself and hidden from
    the eyes of all
    pretending there to be
    a beast
    that walks and eats and dies.
    • "There Is No Compromise With Truth" ( a poem written in 1953 or 1954).
  • Never regret yesterday. Life is in you today, and you make your tomorrow.
    • The Creation Of Human Ability (1954).
  • The one impulse in man which cannot be erased is his impulse toward freedom, his impulse toward sanity, toward higher levels of attainment in all of his endeavors.
  • The purpose of the suit is to harass and discourage rather than to win. The law can be used very easily to harass, and enough harassment on somebody who is simply on the thin edge anyway, well knowing that he is not authorized, will generally be sufficient to cause his professional decease. If possible, of course, ruin him utterly.
    • A Manual on the Dissemination of Material (1955).
  • You can get a much better fee — I tell you as auditors quite frankly — it's much easier to get a great deal of money out of somebody who's on a down spiral into becoming MEST than it is to get money out of somebody who is going on an up spiral toward becoming theta.
    • "Philadelphia Doctorate Course" #15 (1952).
  • There are conditions worse than being unable to see, and that is imagining one sees.
    • Lecture, Scientology and Effective Knowledge (15 July 1957).
  • When we need somebody haunted we investigate … When we investigate we do so noisily always.
    • Manual Of Justice (1959).
  • People attack Scientology, I never forget it, always even the score. People attack auditors, or staff, or organizations, or me. I never forget until the slate is clear.
    • Manual Of Justice (1959).
  • So we listen. We add up associations of people with people. When a push against Scientology starts somewhere, we go over the people involved and weed them out. Push vanishes.
    • Manual Of Justice (1959).
  • Not smoking enough will cause lung cancer! If anybody is getting a cancerous activity in the lung, the probabilities are that it's radiation dosage coupled with the fact that he smokes. And what it does is start to run out the radiation dosage, don't you see.
    • Saint Hill Special Briefing Course 35 (19 July 1961).
  • The subject of philosophy is very ancient. The word means: "The love, study or pursuit of wisdom, or of knowledge of things and their causes, whether theoretical or practical."
    All we know of science or of religion comes from philosophy. It lies behind and above all other knowledge we have or use.
  • I have lived no cloistered life and hold in contempt the wise man who has not lived and the scholar who will not share. There have been many wiser men than I, but few have traveled as much road. I have seen life from the top down and the bottom up. I know how it looks both ways. And I know there is wisdom and that there is hope.
  • A psychiatrist today has the power to (1) take a fancy to a woman (2) lead her to take wild treatment as a joke (3) drug and shock her to temporary insanity (4) incarnate [sic] her (5) use her sexually (6) sterilize her to prevent conception (7) kill her by a brain operation to prevent disclosure. And all with no fear of reprisal. Yet it is rape and murder… We want at least one bad mark on every psychiatrist in England, a murder, an assault, or a rape or more than one… This is Project Psychiatry. We will remove them.
    • Confidential memo "Project Psychiatry" (22 February 1966).
  • It is all very well to sit back and hope for "the best in this best of all possible worlds" but it's the course of personal and national suicide.
    Unless there is a vast alteration in man's civilization as it stumbles along today, man will not be here very long and none of us.
    Times must change.
  • Man is sick and nations have gone mad.
    You would not even tolerate for one moment the conduct in an individual that is commonplace in the acts of some nations. You would lock up such a person.
    • "Times Must Change" in Ability # 179 (20 March 1966).
  • In all the broad Universe there is no other hope for Man than ourselves.
  • I'm drinking lots of rum and popping pinks and greys.
  • Certainty, not data, is knowledge.
  • Anyway, Everyman is then shown to have been crucified so don't think that it's an accident that this crucifixion, they found out that this applied. Somebody somewhere on this planet, back about 600 BC, found some pieces of R6, and I don't know how they found it, either by watching madmen or something, but since that time they have used it and it became what is known as Christianity. The man on the Cross. There was no Christ. But the man on the cross is shown as Everyman. So of course each person seeing a crucified man, has an immediate feeling of sympathy for this man. Therefore you get many PCs who says they are Christ. Now, there's two reasons for that, one is the Roman Empire was prone to crucify people, so a person can have been crucified, but in R6 he is shown as crucified.
    • "Assists" lecture, #10 in the confidential Class VIII series of lectures (3 October 1968).
  • Our organizations are friendly. They are only here to help you.
    • "Dianetic Contract" (23 May 1969).
  • I set out to try to help my fellow man and to do what little I could to make the world a better place.
  • Advanced Courses are the most valuable service on the planet. Life insurance, houses, cars, stocks, bonds, college savings, all are transitory and impermanent … There is nothing to compare with Advanced Courses. They are infinitely valuable and transcend time itself.
    • On his Operating Thetan Courses, in Flag Mission Order 375 (1970).
  • Despite the amount of suffering, pain, misery, sorrow and travail which can exist in life, the reason for existence is the same reason as one has to play a game — interest, contest, activity and possession. The truth of this assertion is established by an observation of the elements of games and then applying these elements to life itself.
    • Scientology : The Fundamentals of Thought (1973).
  • That stupid fucking kid! That stupid fucking kid! Look what he's done to me!
    • After learning of his son Quentin Hubbard's suicide attempt in 1976, as quoted in Bare-Faced Messiah : The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987), p. 344; Quentin died a couple of weeks later, without ever regaining consciousness.
  • Scientology is used to increase spiritual freedom, intelligence, ability and to produce immortality.
    • Dianetics And Scientology Technical Dictionary (1975); 1987 edition, p. 370.
  • "Man," said Terl, "is an endangered species."
    • Battlefield Earth (1982) Ch 1.
  • Scientology means scio, knowing in the fullest sense of the word, and logos, study. In itself the word means knowing how to know. Scientology is a 'route,' a way, rather than a dissertation or assertive body of knowledge. Through its drills and studies one may find the truth for himself. The technology is therefore not expounded as something to believe, but something to do.
    • The Basic Dictionary of Dianetics and Scientology (1988), p. 34.
  • Happiness and strength endure only in the absence of hate. To hate alone is the road to disaster. To love is the road to strength. To love in spite of all is the secret of greatness. And may very well be the greatest secret in this universe.
    • A New Slant on Life (1998).
  • To be happy, one only must be able to confront, which is to say, experience, those things that are. Unhappiness is only this: the inability to confront that which is.
    • A New Slant on Life (1998).
  • On the day when we can fully trust each other, there will be peace on Earth.
    • A New Slant on Life (1998).

Dianetics : The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950)[edit]

  • The creation of Dianetics is a milestone for Man comparable to his discovery of fire and superior to his inventions of the wheel and the arch." Opening line.
  • A large proportion of allegedly feeble-minded children are actually attempted abortion cases . . . However many billions America spends yearly on institutions for the insane and jails for the criminals are spent primarily because of attempted abortions done by some sex-blocked mother to whom children are a curse, not a blessing of God . . . All these things are scientific facts, tested and rechecked and tested again.
  • Arthritis vanishes, myopia gets better, heart illness decreases, asthma disappears, stomachs function properly and the whole catalog of illnesses goes away and stays away.
  • Dianetics is not in any way covered by legislation anywhere, for no law can prevent one man sitting down and telling another man his troubles, and if anyone wants a monopoly on dianetics, be assured that he wants it for reasons which have to do not with dianetics but with profit.
  • There is no national problem in the world today, which cannot be resolved by reason alone.

Science of Survival (1951)[edit]

  • In any event, any person from 2.0 down on the Tone Scale should not have, in any thinking society, any civil rights of any kind, because by abusing those rights he brings into being arduous and strenuous laws which are oppressive to those who need no such restraints.
    • The "Tone Scale" is Scientology's measure of mental and spiritual health; p. 145.
  • Unfortunately, it is all too often true that suppressors to a creative action must be removed before construction and creation takes place. Any person very high on the Tone Scale may level destruction toward a suppressor.
  • There are only two answers for the handling of people from 2.0 down on the Tone Scale, neither one of which has anything to do with reasoning with them or listening to their justification of their acts. The first is to raise them on the Tone Scale by un-enturbulating some of their theta by any one of the three valid processes. The other is to dispose of them quietly and without sorrow.
  • The sudden and abrupt deletion of all individuals occupying the lower bands of the Tone Scale from the social order would result in an almost instant rise in the cultural tone and would interrupt the dwindling spiral into which any society may have entered.
  • A Venezuelan dictator once decided to stop leprosy. He saw that most lepers in his country were also beggars. By the simple expedient of collecting and destroying all the beggars in Venezuela an end was put to leprosy in that country.

Unplaced by chapter or page:

  • Ideas and not battles mark the forward progress of mankind. Individuals, and not masses, form the culture of the race.
  • Unethical conduct is actually the conduct of destruction and fear; lies are told because one is afraid of the consequences should one tell the truth; thus, the liar is inevitably a coward, the coward is inevitably a liar.
  • No civilization can progress to the stability of continuous survival without certain and sure command of knowledge such as that contained in Dianetics. For Dianetics, skillfully used, can do exactly what it claims. It can, in the realm of the individual, prevent or alleviate insanity, neurosis, compulsions and obsessions and it can bring about physical well-being, removing the basic cause of some 70% of man's illnesses. It can, in the field of the family, bring about better accord and harmony. It can, in the field of nations or smaller groups such as those of industry, improve management to a point where these pitifully inadequate ideologies, for which men fight and die with such frightening earnestness, can be laid aside in favor of a workable technology.

Scientology Bulletins[edit]

  • Despite the amount of suffering, pain, misery, sorrow and travail which can exist in life, the reason for existence is the same reason as one has to play a game — interest, contest, activity and possession. The truth of this assertion is established by an observation of the elements of games and then applying these elements to life itself.
    • "The Reason Why" (15 May 1956).
  • You won't always be here. But before you go, whisper this to your sons and their sons "The work was free. Keep it so."
    • "Scientology: Clear Procedure - Issue One" (December 1957).
  • Freedom is for honest people. No man who is not himself honest can be free — he is in his own trap.
    • "Honest People Have Rights, Too" (8 February 1960).
  • All mankind lives and each man strives by codes of conduct mutually agreed. Perhaps these codes are good, perhaps they're bad, it's only evident they're codes. Mores bind the race. Co-action then occurs. Thought and motion in accord. A oneness then of purpose and survival so results. But now against that code there is transgression. And so because the code was held, whatever code it was, and man sought comfort in man's company, he held back his deed and so entered then the bourne in which no being laughs or has a freedom in his heart.
    • "Clean Hands Make a Happy Life" (5 October 1961).
  • Now, get this as a technical fact, not a hopeful idea. Every time we have investigated the background of a critic of Scientology, we have found crimes for which that person or group could be imprisoned under existing law. We do not find critics of Scientology who do not have criminal pasts.
    • "Critics of Scientology" (5 November 1967).
  • The alleviation of the condition of insanity has also been accomplished now…
    • "Psychosis" (28 November 1970).
  • There's only one remedy for crime — get rid of the psychs! They are causing it!
    • "The Cause of Crime" (6 May 1982).

Scientology Policy Letters[edit]

  • If attacked on some vulnerable point by anyone or anything or any organization, always find or manufacture enough threat against them to cause them to sue for peace.
    • Dept. of Govt. Affairs (15 August 1960).
  • We're playing for blood, the stake is EARTH.
  • There is no more ethical group on this planet than ourselves.
  • When somebody enrolls, consider he or she has joined up for the duration of the universe — never permit an "open-minded" approach... If they enrolled, they're aboard, and if they're aboard they're here on the same terms as the rest of us — win or die in the attempt. Never let them be half minded about being Scientologists. … When Mrs. Pattycake comes to us to be taught, turn that wandering doubt in her eye into a fixed, dedicated glare. … The proper instruction attitude is, "We'd rather have you dead than incapable."
  • We're not playing some minor game in Scientology. It isn't cute or something to do for lack of something better. The whole agonized future of this planet, every Man, Woman and Child on it, and your own destiny for the next endless trillions of years depend on what you do here and now with and in Scientology.
  • A political system seeking to function amongst ignorant, illiterate and barbaric people could have marvelous principles but could only succeed in being ignorant, illiterate and barbaric unless one addressed the people one by one and cured the ignorance, illiteracy and barbarism of each citizen.
  • A truly Suppressive Person or group has no rights of any kind and actions taken against them are not punishable.
    • "Ethics, Suppressive Acts, Suppression of Scientology and Scientologists" (1 March 1965).
  • This is the correct procedure: Spot who is attacking us. Start investigating them promptly for felonies or worse using our own professionals, not outside agencies. Double curve our reply by saying we welcome an investigation of them. Start feeding lurid, blood sex crime actual evidence on the attackers to the press. Don't ever tamely submit to an investigation of us. Make it rough, rough on attackers all the way.
    • "Attacks on Scientology" (25 February 1966).
  • When you move off a point of power, pay all your obligations on the nail, empower all your friends completely and move off with your pockets full of artillery, potential blackmail on every erstwhile rival, unlimited funds in your private account and the addresses of experienced assassins and go live in Bulgravia and bribe the police.
    • "The Responsibilities of Leaders" (12 February 1967) (Bulgravia is an acronym of BULgaria, GReece, Albania and YugoslaVIA].
  • ENEMY: SP Order. Fair game. May be deprived of property or injured by any means by any Scientologist without any discipline of the Scientologist. May be tricked, sued or lied to or destroyed.
    • "Penalties for Lower Conditions" (18 October 1967).
  • The practice of declaring people FAIR GAME will cease. FAIR GAME may not appear on any Ethics Order. It causes bad public relations.
    This P/L does not cancel any policy on the treatment or handling of an SP.
    • "Cancellation of Fair Game" (21 October 1968).
  • The names and connections, at this time, of the bitterly opposing enemy are: 1. Psychiatry and psychology (not medicine). 2. The heads of news media who are also directors of psychiatric front groups. 3. A few key political figures in the fields of "mental health" and education. 4. A decline of monetary stability caused by the current planning of bankers who are also directors of psychiatric front organizations [that] would make us unable to function.
    • "Targets, Defense" (16 February 1969).
  • "Psychiatry" and "psychiatrist" are easily redefined to mean "an anti-social enemy of the people". This takes the kill crazy psychiatrist off the preferred list of professions … The redefinition of words is done by associating different emotions and symbols with the word than were intended...Scientologists are redefining "doctor", "Psychiatry" and "psychology" to mean "undesirable antisocial elements"...The way to redefine a word is to get the new definition repeated as often as possible. Thus it is necessary to redefine medicine, psychiatry and psychology downward and define Dianetics and Scientology upwards. This, so far as words are concerned, is the public opinion battle for belief in your definitions, and not those of the opposition. A consistent, repeated effort is the key to any success with this technique of propaganda.
    • "Propaganda by Redefinition of Words" (5 October 1971).
  • MAKE MONEY. MAKE MORE MONEY. MAKE OTHER PEOPLE PRODUCE SO AS TO MAKE MORE MONEY.
    • "Principles of Money Management" (9 March 1972).

Misattributed[edit]

  • There is a correlation between the creative and the screwball. So we must suffer the screwball gladly.

Quotes about Hubbard[edit]

Alphabetized by author
  • In addition to violating and abusing its own members' civil rights, the organization [Scientology] over the years with its "Fair Game" doctrine has harassed and abused those persons not in the Church whom it perceives as enemies. The organization clearly is schizophrenic and paranoid, and the bizarre combination seems to be a reflection of its founder LRH [L. Ron Hubbard]. The evidence portrays a man who has been virtually a pathological liar when it comes to his history, background, and achievements. The writings and documents in evidence additionally reflect his egoism, greed, avarice, lust for power, and vindictiveness and aggressiveness against persons perceived by him to be disloyal or hostile. At the same time it appears that he is charismatic and highly capable of motivating, organizing, controlling, manipulating, and inspiring his adherents.
  • People mistake L. Ron Hubbard and his Scientology. They see the apparency, and not the actuality. By design. Scientology does not work as stated; but as intended. As intended by its creator L Ron Hubbard. To keep the Doorway open. To remain in the realm of the Great Beast. To feed the hunger of the Will. His Will. When he emptied the purse of man and the heart of women; it seeks onward and outward. Appetite. Forever appetite. Scientology is the snare. The passion flower. the Cloak of Lights. The glow of power. A power always wanting. Always needing. The Will never satisfied.
  • He is a fraud and has always been a fraud. … My father has always used the confidential information extracted from people during [auditing] to intimidate, threaten and coerce them to do what he wanted, which often meant getting them to give him money. My father routinely used false threats and [information from confessionals] particularly about crimes people had committed to extort money from them. … My father has always held out Scientology and auditing to be based purely on science and not on religious "belief" or faith. We regularly promised and distributed publications with "scientific guarantees". This was and has always been common practice. My father and I created a "religious front" only for tax purposes and legal protection 'from fraud Claims'. We almost always told nearly everyone that Scientology was really science, not a religion, but that the religious front was created to deal with the government.
    • Ron DeWolfe eldest son of Hubbard (born L. Ron Hubbard, Jr.), in an affadavit in Schaick v. Church of Scientology, US District Court Mass., No. 79-2491.
  • Scientology is bullshit! Man, I was there the night L. Ron Hubbard invented it, for Christ's sakes! … We were sitting around one night … who else was there? Alfred Bester, and Cyril Kornbluth, and Lester del Rey, and Ron Hubbard, who was making a penny a word, and had been for years. And he said "This bullshit's got to stop!" He says, "I gotta get money." He says, "I want to get rich". And somebody said, "why don't you invent a new religion? They're always big." We were clowning! You know, "Become Elmer Gantry! You'll make a fortune!" He says, "I'm going to do it."
    • Harlan Ellison, in "The Real Harlan Ellison" in Wings (November-December 1978), p. 32.
  • He was just Ron and I kinda liked him, mostly because he wrote well, and I never felt he took all that Scientology nonsense seriously but knew how to make a good buck, and he liked me, and... well, he was a friend who died.
  • I have a lot of respect for L. Ron Hubbard and I consider him to be a genius and perhaps less acknowledged than he ought to be.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites[edit]

Critical sites[edit]

Neutral sites[edit]

There are conditions worse than being unable to see, and that is imagining one sees.
Living is a pretty grim joke, but a joke just the same.
THE ONLY WAY YOU CAN CONTROL PEOPLE IS TO LIE TO THEM.
Happiness and strength endure only in the absence of hate. To hate alone is the road to disaster. To love is the road to strength. To love in spite of all is the secret of greatness. And may very well be the greatest secret in this universe.
To be happy, one only must be able to confront, which is to say, experience, those things that are. Unhappiness is only this: the inability to confront that which is.
On the day when we can fully trust each other, there will be peace on Earth.
Freedom is for honest people. No man who is not himself honest can be free — he is in his own trap.

Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986), better known as L. Ron Hubbard, was an American pulp fiction author. He wrote in a wide variety of genres, including science fiction, fantasy, adventure fiction, aviation, travel, mystery, western and romance. He is perhaps best known for his self-help book, the #1 New York Times bestseller Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (first published in 1950), and as the founder of the Church of Scientology.

L. Ron Hubbard was a prolific writer; according to the church, his written teachings make up approximately 500,000 pages and 3,000 recorded lectures, totaling about 65 million words. He also produced a hundred films and 500 short stories and novels.[1] According to Jack Williamson, a contemporary of Hubbard, science fiction had just exploded at the time when Hubbard started writing, also called the "golden age" of pulp fiction. Hugh B. Urban quotes Williamson: "Not quite as violently as the bomb, science fiction had been exploding. It had burst into book print." According to Urban, Hubbard averaged "seventy thousand to one hundred thousand words a month." According to Kevin Anderson, in a foreword written on Hubbard in The Great Secret, Hubbard could write about just about anything, from jungle explorers to deep-sea divers, from G-mean to gangsters, cowboys and flying aces to mountain climbers, hard-boiled detectives and spies."[2]

Early writings[edit]

Although he was best known for his pulp fantasy and science fiction, Hubbard also wrote adventure, aviation, travel, mystery, western and romance. He wrote under his own name and as Kurt von Rachen and René Lafayette, his principal science fiction/fantasy pseudonyms. His other pen names included "Winchester Remington Colt (rather obviously reserved for Westerns), Lt Jonathan Daly, Capt Charles Gordon, Bernard Hubbel, Michael Keith, Legionnaire 148, Legionnaire 14830, Ken Martin, Scott Morgan or Lt Scott Morgan, Barry Randolph and Capt Humbert Reynolds."[3]

Hubbard's first short story, "Tah," was published in the Literary Supplement of The Hatchet, George Washington University's campus paper, in February 1932.[4] In February 1934, the pulp magazine Thrilling Adventure was the first to publish one of Hubbard's short stories. Over the next six years, more than 140 of his short stories appeared in similar magazines devoted to high adventure and mystery.

Hubbard began publishing Science Fiction with the magazine Astounding in 1938, and over the next decade he was a prolific contributor to both Astounding and the fantasy fiction magazine Unknown. However, despite efforts by later supporters to assign to Hubbard a central role in the creation of modern science fiction, he was not a member of the small group of prime movers—L Sprague de Camp, Robert A Heinlein and Isaac Asimov—in the genre.[5]

Dianetics and Scientology[edit]

Hubbard's first major financial success came with the publication of Dianetics in 1950, after which he departed the field of science fiction writing for many years. In 1951, he refashioned the material of Dianetics into Scientology. At this time, he established his first publishing organization, devoted exclusively to his own works, and used it (and its later incarnations) to publish his own so-called "spiritual technology," as well as his ideas about business administration, literacy and drug rehabilitation.[6] His views on these topics remain a source of controversy, with supporters lauding their effectiveness and critics claiming they are useless, at best, and at worst, dangerous.[7][8]

Hubbard returned to the field of Science Fiction writing in 1982 with the publication of Battlefield Earth, followed by the Mission Earth "dekalogy," a ten-volume series, most of which was published posthumously.

Output and Reception[edit]

Hubbard produced more than 250 published works of fiction in his writing career. At his peak, he wrote “over 100,000 words a month.” He is remembered for his “prodigious output" and the "amazing speed at which he could produce copy.” He used a special electric IBM typewriter with extra keys for common words like ‘and’, ‘the’, and ‘but.’ [9]

Scientology's publishing arm has translated his work into seventy-two languages.[10] His fiction and non-fiction books have sold millions of copies,[11] and Hubbard holds four Guinness World Records for “Most Published Works by One Author”, “Most Audio Books Published for One Author”, “Most Translated Author in the World”, and "Most Translated Author, Same Book" (The Way to Happiness).[12]

Criticism of Hubbard's fiction is mixed. Georges T. Dodds, columnist for WARP, newsletter/fanzine of the Montreal Science Fiction and Fantasy association writes, "much of [Hubbard's]science fiction and fantasy is quite entertaining, and in most cases as good or better than much of the pulp literature of the era."[13] A reviewer for Publishers Weekly emphasizes "Hubbard's ability to pack an epic into relatively few pages -- this is indeed golden science fiction from the Golden Age.".[14] The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction maintains that science fiction "was clearly not Hubbard's forte, and most of his work in the genre reads as tendentious or laboured or both. As a writer of fantasy, however, [Hubbard] wrote with an occasionally pixillated fervour that is still pleasing, and sometimes reminiscent of the screwball comedies popular in the 1930s cinema."[15]

Finally, Encyclopedia of Science Fiction has this to say about Hubbard's last foray into the genre of science fiction: "Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000 (1982), [is] an enormously long space opera composed in an idiom that seemed embarrassingly archaic. This was followed by the Mission Earth 'dekalogy,' a ten-volume sequence whose farcical over-egging of a seriously thin narrative thread fails to disguise a tale that would have been more at home in the dawn of the Pulp magazines, though its length would not have been tolerated."[16]

Controversy[edit]

While nineteen of Hubbard's books have appeared on the New York Times best seller list, critics have called this apparent feat an illusion. Evidence emerged early on that the best-selling statuses of many of these titles were in fact rigged by Scientology and Scientologists.[17]

Hollywood connection[edit]

Hubbard is credited with writing the story on which The Secret of Treasure Island, a 1938 Columbia Pictures movie serial, was based,[18] as well as the story on which one episode of the TV show Tales of Wells Fargo (1957) was based.[19]

Though both Hubbard and The Church of Scientology have made claims that he worked on a number of other Hollywood projects, there is no independently verifiable evidence to support this.

Best-known fiction[edit]

This is a partial list of Hubbard’s published works of fiction. Included are Fear, To the Stars, Final Blackout and Typewriter in the Sky, which were published in 1940 and reprinted numerous times. To the Stars was published in Astounding Science Fiction magazine in 1950.[20] Hubbard had a total of 235 works of fiction published.[21] Reprinted titles, reprinted by publisher Galaxy Press, include The Iron Duke, Hostage to Death, Cargo of Coffins, Brass Keys to Murder, and Under the Black Ensign.

War-ravaged Europe is the setting of Final Blackout, which Pau Walker described as "a bleak, harsh novel of hopeless conflict and an idealistic lieutenant who fights it to its ironic end." A similar grim irony pervades Death's Deputy, in which an immortal, voided to punish humans according to the whims of his race, seeks in vain his own death. The short novels Typewriter in the Sky and Fear (Hubbard novella) are horrific fantasies which many critics consider to be classics of the science fiction's golden age. Fear, which relates the existence of a man who alternates between psychosis and sanity, is considered among Hubbard's finest works. Hubbard's last book of this period, Return to Tomorrow, is a "space opera" which anticipates future science fiction themes in its story about intergalactic traders from whom one month equals a century of earth time. Hubbard's stories written under the pseudonym of Rene Lafayette and collected in Ole Doc Methuselah (1970) relate the tales of a medical doctor who traverses time and space while opposing criminals and enemies for his profession.[22]

Battlefield Earth is a 1982 science fiction novel written by Hubbard. He composed a soundtrack to the book called Space Jazz. Initially titled "Man, the Endangered Species", Battlefield Earth was first published in 1982 by St. Martin's Press, though all subsequent reprintings have been by Church of Scientology publishing companies Bridge Publications and Galaxy Press. Written in the style of the pulp fiction era (during which Hubbard began his writing career), the novel is a massive work (over 750 pages in hardcover, 1000+ in paperback). It was Hubbard's first openly science fiction novel since his pulp magazine days of the 1940s, and it was promoted as Hubbard's "return" to science fiction after a long hiatus.

The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction described the book as a "rather good, fast-paced, often fascinating SF adventure yarn." The fantasy author Neil Gaiman wrote, "For value for money I have to recommend L. Ron Hubbard's massive Battlefield Earth - over 1000 pages of thrills, spills, vicious aliens, noble humans. Is mankind an endangered species? Will handsome and heroic Jonny Goodboy Tyler win Earth back from the nine-foot-high Psychlos? A tribute to the days of Pulp, I found it un-put-downable. And all for £2.95". Frederik Pohl said, "I read 'Battlefield Earth' straight through in one sitting although it's immense... I was fascinated by it." Kevin J. Anderson says, "Battlefield Earth is like a 12-hour 'Indiana Jones' marathon. Non-stop and fast-paced. Every chapter has a big bang-up adventure." Publishers Weekly said about the novel, "This has everything: suspense, pathos, politics, war, humor, diplomacy and intergalactic finance..." Science fiction author A. E. van Vogt stated, "Wonderful adventure ... great characters ... a masterpiece." but later admitted that he had not actually read it due to its size.

Battlefield Earth went to the top of the New York Times Best Seller list and also those of the Los Angeles Times, TIME, United Press International, Associated Press, B. Dalton's and Waldenbooks. According to Hubbard's literary agents, Author Services Inc., by June 1983 the book had sold 150,000 copies and earned $1.5 million.

To the Stars was first published in book format in 1954 under the title, Return to Tomorrow, it was first published in hardcover in 1975 under the same title. The book was generally positively received, and garnered a 2001 nomination for a "Retro" Hugo Award for Best Novella. Publishers Weekly gave the book a positive review, calling it one of Hubbard's "finest works", and Alan Cheuse highlighted the work on National Public Radio's program All Things Considered as a top literature holiday pick.

Buckskin Brigades was Hubbard's first hard-covered book, and his first published novel. Hubbard incorporates historical background from the Blackfeet tribe into the book. The book was re-released by Bridge Publications in a 1987 edition. The book was published in an audio book format by Bridge Publications and read by actor Bruce Boxleitner, ]who was hired by Church of Spiritual Technology subsidiary Author Services Inc. to read Hubbard's books on tape. The New York Times stated that, "Mr. Hubbard has reversed a time-honored formula and has given a thriller to which, at the end of every chapter or so, another paleface bites the dust . . . (has) an enthusiasm, even a freshness and sparkle, decidedly rare in this type of romance."[23]

Death’s Deputy was first published in book form, in 1948, by Fantasy Publishing Company, Inc. The novel originally appeared in the February 1940 issue of the magazine Unknown.

Fear is a psychological thriller-horror novella by Hubbard first appearing in Unknown Fantasy Fiction in July 1940. Stephen King called the book, "A classic tale of creeping, surreal menace and horror."[24]

Final Blackout was first published in serialized format in 1940 in the science fiction magazine Astounding Science Fiction. It was published in book form in 1948 by The Hadley Publishing Co. Author Services Inc. published a hardcover edition of the book in 1988, and in 1989 the Church of Scientology-affiliated organization Bridge Publications announced that film director Christopher Cain had signed a contract to write and direct a movie version based on the book. Final Blackout and Fear are often cited by critics as the best examples of Hubbard's pulp fiction works. Robert Heinlein called the book “as perfect a piece of Science Fiction as has ever been written."[25] Chuck Moss of Daily News of Los Angeles called the book "extremely good science fiction". The book has been included in the curriculum of a science-fiction writing class at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona Karl Edward Wagner cited Final Blackout as one of the thirteen best science-fiction horror novels.

Kingslayer is a collection of science fiction short stories by Hubbard. It was first published in 1949 by Fantasy Publishing Company, Inc. in an edition of 1,200 copies. The title story first appeared in this collection. The other stories had previously appeared in the magazine Astounding.

Ole Doc Methuselah is a collection of science fiction short stories by Hubbard, published in 1970. This work was published in Astounding Science Fiction from 1947 to 1950. According to Hugh B. Urban, Ole Doc Methuselah was "perhaps the most relevant [work] for his later Church of Scientology." The main character of the story is a space hero and physician who also happens to be a part of "the most elite organization of the cosmos" called the Soldiers of Light. The Soldiers of Light "are an organization of six hundred selfless heroes who have dedicated themselves to the 'ultimate preservation of mankind' and take as their identifying mark the symbol of two crossed rods."[26]

Slaves of Sleep was first published in book form, in 1948, by Shasta Publishers, and originally appeared in 1939 in an issue of the magazine Unknown.

Typewriter in the Sky was well received. The Philadelphia Inquirer called it "swashbuckling fun", and John Clute and John Grant in The Encyclopedia of Fantasy characterized the work as the best of Hubbard's stories from the Arabian-fantasy theme.

Mission Earth is an epic science fiction novel, split into ten volumes of unequal length. Each volume was a New York Times bestseller.[27] The ten volumes of the Mission Earth series, all bar the first of which were published posthumously, comprise The Invaders Plan (1985), Black Genesis: Fortress of Evil, The Enemy Within, An Alien Affair, Fortune Of Fear, Death Quest (1986), Voyage Of Vengeance, Disaster, Villainy Victorious and The Doomed Planet (1987).[28]

L. Ron Hubbard Writers Award Contest[edit]

Established and sponsored by Hubbard in 1983, the "Writers Award Contest" is a competition aimed at discovering, and eventually publishing, deserving amateur and aspiring writers. To enter, a writer must not have professionally published more than three short stories or more than one novelette. There is no entry fee and the entrant retains all rights to their work. The L. Ron Hubbard Gold Award, a trophy with a gold quill and star set in red-based lucite, is presented to the annual Grand Prize winner, selected from among the four first-place quarterly winners, and includes a $5,000 prize. To date, the “Writers of the Future Program” has become one of the largest, most well known and best-established discovery vehicles in the field. Winners have gone on to publish over 700 novels and 3,000 short stories, have appeared on international bestseller lists,[29] has launched the careers of hundreds of authors, and even eight New York Times bestsellers.[30]

L. Ron Hubbard Illustrators of the Future Contest[edit]

The L. Ron Hubbard Illustrators of the Future Contest was launched in 1988. The Contest awards three winners each quarter, and has them illustrate a winning story from the Writers of the Future Contest. These rendered illustrations are entered in the Grand Prize competition and published in the L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future anthology with their respective companion story. All themes of science fiction and fantasy illustrations are welcome in the contest. Contestants are not required to pay an entry fee and the artist retains all rights in the entry.[31]

Bibliography[edit]

See: L. Ron Hubbard bibliography

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Ashcraft, W. Michael (2006). Gallagher, Eugene V.; Ashcraft, W. Michael, eds. Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America: African diaspora traditions and other American innovations. 5. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275987176. 
  2. ^Urban, Hugh B. (2011). The Church of Scientology: A History of a New Religion. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691146089. 
  3. ^"Hubbard, L Ron". SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  4. ^"Hubbard, L Ron". SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  5. ^"Hubbard, L Ron". SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  6. ^"About Bridge Publications, Inc". Bridge Publications. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  7. ^Touretzky, David S. "Medical/Psychological Dangers of Narconon"(PDF). Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  8. ^Farley, Robert. "Scientology makes it in classroom door". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  9. ^Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. Ed. J. Gordon Melton. Vol. 1. 5th ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. p750-751.
  10. ^"The Culvert Chronicles". The Culvert Chronicles. 6 (5): 15. 
  11. ^"Gale Thomson Online". Contemporary Authors Online. 2006. 
  12. ^"Most published works by one author". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2016-10-21. 
  13. ^Rodger Turner, Webmaster. "The SF Site Featured Review: To the Stars". Sfsite.com. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  14. ^"Fiction Review: TO THE STARS by L. Ron Hubbard". Publishersweekly.com. 2004-08-30. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  15. ^"Hubbard, L Ron". SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  16. ^"Hubbard, L Ron". SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  17. ^Welkos, Robert W.; Sappell, Joel. "Costly Strategy Continues to Turn Out Bestsellers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  18. ^IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/title/tt0030725/?ref_=nm_flmg_wr_53. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  19. ^IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/title/tt0050066/?ref_=nm_flmg_wr_52. 
  20. ^"Pulp Renaissance: Hard-boiled, cliffhanger stories viewed as collectible American fiction". Antique Trader. 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  21. ^"L. Ron Hubbard: Chronological list of works of fiction". Wiseoldgoat.com. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  22. ^Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski, Roger Matuz, and Robyn V. Young. Vol. 43. Detroit: Gale Research, 1987. p203-208.
  23. ^Widder, William J. (1994). The Fiction of L. Ron Hubbard: A comprehensive bibliography & reference guide to published and selected unpublished works. Los Angeles, CA: Bridge Publications. p. 373. ISBN 0-88404-936-1. 
  24. ^"L. Ron Hubbard's FEAR book review". Feoamante.com. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  25. ^"L. Ron Hubbard's FEAR book review". Feoamante.com. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  26. ^Urban, Hugh B. (2011). The Church of Scientology: A History of a New Religion. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691146089. 
  27. ^"BEST SELLERS: FEBRUARY 15, 1987 - New York Times". Nytimes.com. 1987-02-15. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  28. ^Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski, Roger Matuz, and Robyn V. Young. Vol. 43. Detroit: Gale Research, 1987. p203-208
  29. ^"Contest History | L. Ron Hubbard presents Writers of the Future Contest". Writersofthefuture.com. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  30. ^"First Yearly Winners Announced in International Writers of The Future Contest". Sfgate.com. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  31. ^"Scholarships by Program | Kendall College of Art and Design of Ferris State University". Kcad.edu. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 

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